Sex and Cancer: Intimacy Romance and Love after Diagnosis and Treatment PDF

Sex and Cancer: Intimacy Romance and Love after Diagnosis and Treatment





An intimate partnership has physical and psychological components, both of which often take a hit when cancer enters the union. The prospect, and then the process, of treatments tend to alter the way the two people relate to each other. When the diagnosis is one of gynecologic or reproductive cancer for a woman, questions of sexual intimacy and function often color relationships, confuse partners, and raise concerns that other cancers might not.
With an estimated 83,000 women a year added to the roles of those battling gynecologic cancers and 300,000 women a year added to roles of those battling breast cancer, Sex and Cancer focuses on surviving and thriving—more than 70 percent of women with gynecologic cancers now survive!—and helps readers mitigate outcomes and overcome challenges of sexual dysfunction after a cancer diagnosis; reassess the priorities in an intimate relationship to support the patient’s struggle, healing, and libido; and learn to interact with the professionals tasked with saving lives and enhancing those areas affected by cancer diagnosis and treatment. Sex and Cancer features stories that illuminate insights about the impact of gynecologic and reproductive cancers on relationships. The stories give life to guidance that’s critical in shaping the effect that gynecologic cancer has on intimate relationships. And readers will find insight, comfort, and suggestions for addresses the questions about intimacy and sexual function that are often left unexpressed.


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How long do spray tans last & how to improve it ?


When you plan to spend lots of money on spray tans, you definitely want to know How long do spray tans last? Definitely, it’s the first question that comes to your mind before you go for that. Normally, it is observed that the effects of spray tan last for 5 to 7 days, but not more than it.

how long do spray tans last

How long do spray tans last: The days vary based on some factors

When you think about the number of days for which spray tan is going to last, you need to know an important thing that the number of days will defiantly vary depending on following factors:

  1. The amount of tan used
  2. The expertise of the person administering it
  3. You daily life routine
  4. The type of your skin

Above listed factors are the basic ones upon which the longevity of spray tan depends. Is there anything that can help you to extend the lifespan of your spray tan? Why do you want to extend its lifespan? The reason is that when you spend lots of your money on such things, you want it to last for a few more days so that you could enjoy it for maximum days you can.

How long do spray tans last and what can be done to delay fading?

As mentioned above, the spray tans will never last more than a week. For all spray tan lovers, there is good news for you. Here are a few techniques are given for you that will definitely delay fading of spray tans so that you could enjoy this for maximum days you can.

What about taking a bath?

You are recommended to take bath before you go to the salon for a spray tan. After you are done with a spray tan, you need to avoid taking shower for at least 10 to 12 hours to come.

Cut down the utilization of cosmetics:

The most cosmetics are known to block the pores of your skin. You are recommended to cut down the utilization of cosmetics prior to the treatment, for instance, perfumes, makeup, and lotions etc.

Let it dry:

After having treatment, it is suggested that not to touch the body and let your body dry naturally. You are also suggested not to put on the clothes for next 30 minutes after the treatment.

Keep your body moisturized:

You are recommended to keep your body fully moisturized after having a spray tan. Why? The reason is that when you will keep your skin moisturized, it will prevent dead skin to fall off and the tan will last for long.

Shun exercise:

When you do exercise, you start sweating. During this process, when your body gets rubbed with your tight clothes, consequently, it will rub the spray tan from various body parts. This is the major reason for which you are recommended not to exercise.

Now you have enough know-how about how long do spray tans last and how to delay the fading in this scenario.



The Role of Pediatric Eye Doctor in Improving Child Vision


Parents always ask why there is a need to take your child to a pediatric eye doctor. The answer is that there are two types of doctor’s pediatric optometrist and pediatric ophthalmologist. Both types of doctors are there to treat your eyes and they examine, diagnose and treat eye diseases. They also prescribe your child glasses. They will also guide you to use your eyes well. The profession of both types of doctors is unique.


Difference between the Two: pediatric eye doctor


The two types of pediatric eye doctor are there for your well being but there is a little difference between their jobs. Ophthalmologists are there to perform surgery. They will save your vision if you got an eye injury. Optometrists are trained in purposeful aspects of vision. They are appropriate to use lenses, vision therapy, and prisms. All these are done to enhance the visual functions. All these intercessions are also necessary to improve the visual, academic and other abilities of the child.


Eye Sight and Vision:pediatric eye doctor

Don’t think that eyesight and vision are similar concepts. If we talk about eyesight it is the sharpness of the image that is being seen by your eye. On the other hand, vision is the ability of a person to figure out and focus on what is seen. Research has proved that children who have special needs do not have eyesight problem at all. They may have vision problems. These types of children may have vestibular difficulties; they may have some health problems. More chances are that they have motor delays.

American Association for eyesight has recommended that children must have vision examinations every six months. A good Pediatric eye doctor can check all the aspects of functions at very early age and if any dysfunction is found it can be improved with intervention.

Most of the schools in Europe and America are taking vision screenings to check only the eyesight of the children. They take it at twenty feet which are not a reading distance. In this way, they are unable to tell whether a child has a clear view at very near pong and who the eyes are working together. They can only provide only information which they need and that is whether he or she is able to see the blackboard or not. The case is that many vision problems remain undetected in this age. Their parents happily say that their kid’s eyes are 20/20. They should know what kind of visual skills are required by their child as a part of his wide-range eye testing. In this conduct, they can find out many children special need programs on the internet.

Vision is a learned Phenomenon: pediatric eye doctor

Vision is always learned same like reading, mathematics and any language. Your ability to interpret what is seen by your eye begins with your birth. In their development phase, all the infants learn how to work as a team, and how to maintain focus. When they grow up as toddlers they use their movements to drive the vision. After that, all the children can visualize without making any movement. So if you want your children to be successful at school their vision should direct their actions in most purposeful manner. A good pediatric eye doctor will guide you properly how to get that success for your child by improving their vision.


You have heard about many individual learning styles. Often you have seen a mother saying that her child is a kinesthetic learner. Here she means that her children are still getting the information about this world through his movement and touch skills. If we talk about development point of view, this style is very prehistoric in getting the information through vision. All the individuals whom we call as well-functioned can store their sensory images and if needed they can visualize and fetch them anytime. To experience their surroundings and world they don’t have to move or to touch. Through powerful vision, they can improve their thinking, listening, organizing, and actions.

Vision Builds the Foundation of Language and Relationships

Vision plays a very important role in developing your language skills and emotions. There are many children in this world who have the problems like language delay, deficit attention, and development disorders. These all are because of an unimproved visual system. Notice daily and if you find that your child is not speaking well or relating thing then do visit an experienced pediatric eye doctor because his vision evaluation is very necessary to diagnose things at the early stage.

A pediatric eye doctor will guide you about much pleasure activity you can perform at home. These therapies can be done at daycare. If you are going to combine all the things like touch, movement, and socializing then it will benefit you in many areas. You will get many ideas about vision therapies for your toddlers and pre-verbal children on the internet also.

Make a Right Choice at Right Time

There ismuch evidence in the world that has proved that significant interventions like vision therapies always work and show positive results. If you are noticing that your child has developmental delays then pediatric eye doctor will be there to evaluate your child and even the most difficult non-verbal Childs.


Role of Pediatric Eye Doctor in Improving Child’s Learning and Behavior Skills

All pediatric eye doctors are well trained to detect many eye diseases like binoculars visions and convergence, and performing refraction. They can also perform the process of fitting eyeglasses and contact lenses. They specialize in many fields like sports vision, functional vision, and geriatrics. These specialists will help you to treat your functional and developmental vision problems. Neuro-optometrists will give their services to all those people who have visual disturbance and neurological issues. If they are unable to detect any kind of vision problem then they will suggest you take your child to any psychiatrist. He can explain your child’s symptoms in good manner.

One think that you have to remember is that if your child develops any problem during reading then it is possible that he has visual problems. In this case, no psychologist and psychiatrist are required. The pediatric eye doctor will perform eye testing and will give you assistance to solve vision problems.


Understanding Different Functions of Pediatric Eye Doctors

In the development phase of kids, healthy eyes play a very important role. A regular eye examination is very important to detect many eye problems at a very early stage. As a parent, it is your moral duty to make the vision and eye sight check ups a part of your child’s routine medical care. You can be confused by different names of the doctors as they perform different functions. We will eliminate your confusion here by describing their name and functions properly.

  • Ophthalmologists are medical doctors and their function is to provide best and comprehensive medical eye care through medicine and surgery if needed.
  • Pediatric Ophthalmologists are also doctors but they specialize in treating eye problems of kids.
  • Optometrists have the same functions like Ophthalmologists but they can not perform your eye surgery. Some of them specialize in kids eye problems.
  • Opticians are not doctors and their function is to fit and adjust eyeglasses.

A pediatric eye doctor will perform a routine medical examination of your kid and include following things.

  • When a new baby is born it is completely checked for general eye health by a family eye doctor present in the nursery or by an experienced Pediatric eye doctor.
  • All those new babies who are born premature or they have any family history of eye problems should be examined by eye doctors.
  • Some people have obvious eye regularities so they must visit an eye specialist.
  • During the first year, all the infants should be taken to eye doctors for routine screening of healthy eyes.
  • When the kids are around 3 ½ old they should be taken to Pediatric doctor for acuity test in which the sharpness of their vision is tested.
  • At the age of 5, all the kids should have their eye alignment test.pediatric eye doctor
  • After routine checkups, at the age of 5, a screening test is done at the school level. It the kid has frequent headaches and squinting then eye checkup is a must. Many times teacher notice that child is not seeing well in the class. If it happens they should immediately inform their parents.
  • Kids have vision changes if they are wearing glasses or contact lenses. They should have annual checkups to screen their vision.

Importance of Pediatric Eye Doctor for Vision Therapy

In vision care, vision therapy is one of the most notorious topics. Some pediatric eye doctors are well experienced and they can explain its benefits in a proper manner. Said therapy has potential benefits for your children. Vision therapy is supervised by an eye doctor and it is a program which is non-surgical and it has some customized visual activities. The purpose of all these activities is to correct vision problems and to improve vision skills.


The aim of visual therapy is to make a visual system to correct itself. Eyeglasses and contact lenses can recompense for visual problems and same is the case with eye surgery. It usually changes the anatomy of the eye and its surrounded muscles. For a vision system, Vision therapy is jut like a physical exercise. The therapy consists of eyes and some parts of the brain that are responsible for controlling vision.

While performing visual therapies, a pediatric eye doctor can use lenses, prisms, computer added activities and filters. They can also use balance boards, non-computerized visual instruments etc. all these things play a vital role in performing vision therapy.


One thing to remember here is that vision therapy is not confined to an above-mentioned list of tools and equipment. It is a broader term. For a successful therapy, the determination of eye doctor and the patient is very important. In the case of a child, parent’s dedication plays an important role to get positive results. The main goal of vision therapy is to help people who have the vision problem to get a clear and comfortable vision with the help of glasses, surgery and contact lenses. It is a proven study that vision problem can improve many problems like reading in school children. It is also helpful in reducing eye strain and other computer vision syndromes. These problems are experienced by many children and adults.

Explaining Orthoptics and Visual Therapy

Another name for vision therapy is visual therapy. You can also call it vision training, or simply VT. There is also another name associated with this term known as Orthoptics. It means straightening you eyes. In previous years there were very few techniques used for straightening eyes muscles and alignment of eyes. It is basically done to optimize the whole visual system. Parts of the brain that control vision are also included in this process. Orthoptics is not similar to vision therapy as it is a broader term used to solve a wide range of eye problems. Vision therapy changes reflexive behaviors in order to bring a long lasting cure.

Concept behind Optometric Vision Therapy

Most of the vision therapies that are being performed all around the world are carefully monitored by optometrists. This is the reason it is called as optometric vision therapy. Those pediatric eye doctors who specialized in children vision are called as behavioral or developmental optometric.

There is a Science behind Vision Therapy

It is an old saying and you have heard it that “you can not teach an old dog a new trick”. A study was conducted in the field of neurology and it was proved that this case is not true when we talk about the human brain. But the thing is that it requires some time and effort as mentioned previous that dedication and consistency are required to get good and quick results. The human brain has the ability to change its functions when it encounters any stimuli from outside. All these changes are taught during early childhood.

A study was conducted on typists who were n training for long to improve their typing skills. They developed an increase in gray material volume in their brain. It shows that learning affects brain functions as well as its structure. If many vision therapies are performed for many yearsit can cause neurological changes to improve vision and visual performance.


What Problems can be cured through Vision Therapy?

With vision therapy, a pediatric eye doctor can cure many diseases in children. One disease is called Lazy eye. It is due to vision development problem. In this disease,the eye can not have normal visual perception. One disease called Strabismus is also cured through vision Therapy. A successful therapy, in this case, depends upon the magnitude and direction of eye turn. Another form of strabismus called convergence insufficiency is also treated with it. In this disease, you can not maintain the alignment of the eye while reading and looking at distant things. Eye strains and eye fatigue during work and reading can also be cured through VT. Doctors can improve the movement of the eye during reading and close up works. Focusing on near and far objects can also be improved through this process. If your child is suffering from perceptual disorders, disabilities related to development then it can be improved through VT.

What can not be cured?

Never confuse yourself with vision therapy and self-conducted vision improvement programs. They usually promise that you will throw away your glasses by performing a set of activities on daily basis. These activities do not have any endorsement from a medical body or by a pediatric eye doctor. And also it is notable that there is research that proves that people have cured diseases like nearsightedness and other optical errors. If an eye doctor has recommended you a Pencil push-up program to perform at home, even this program is not considered as a full vision therapy program. In this activity, a person has to place a pencil at an arm’s length. Then he has to move the pencil slowly towards his eyes to focus completely on words. This task is recommended to people who have eye strains.

A study was conducted and it was found that an experienced pediatric doctor can recommend Pencil push-ups to children as a home-based exercise that is cheap for convergence insufficiency. To solve vision problem an in-office program that is well supervised and orthotics exercises are very necessary. This is the most efficient treatment of vision problems that is non-surgical.

Improving Sports Vision

When we talk about sports vision then it is to be cleared that it is not a vision therapy. It just has a few characteristics of vision Therapy. Pediatric eye doctors sometimes specialize in this field and conduct many customized training programs for children and elders who want to improve their skills regarding vision in particular sports. Many sportsman and athletes have joined these training programs to improve their vision. Rather than correcting the vision problems these programs and training are conducted to enhance the visual skills of a sportsman. This term is also known as vision therapy. Both vision therapy and sports vision training have some common techniques.

Effectiveness of Vision Therapy in Learning Disability

There is a strong relationship between vision problems and learning disabilities and many pediatric eye doctors have different opinions about it. Many doctors consider it as a part of vision therapy to treat many learning disabilities. They strongly believe that children with learning and reading problems may have a vision problem. They also support the fact that many learning related problems caused by vision can be solved with optometric vision therapy. With this approach, doctors can improve child’s overall learning capacity in a proper way. This approach is true for some ophthalmologists. On the other and some think that performing only vision therapy is insufficient in treating any learning problem. They also say that there is no scientific evidence that has proved that many learning disabilities can be solved through vision therapy.

Taking the First Step

If you are observing that your child is not performing well in his class then the first step you have to take is to take him to a pediatric eye doctor to perform a routine eye examination and to check out nearsightedness and farsightedness. If the doctor suggests that no eye glasses is required or no change is required in present eye glasses. Also, each eye has 20/20 acuity then there many be chances that vision problem is existing in him. The eye chart used by doctors to test routine eyesight of a person is not considered to be sufficient to check all aspects of his visual performance. If you want to have a thorough examination of your children’s vision including all the tests necessary to check vision problems and sufficient reading and learning then a comprehensive eye examination is required which is being performed by a specialized optometrist having expertise in binocular vision, vision development, and vision Therapy.

All the examination processes that are used to diagnose problems related to non-refractions are different from routine eye examinations that are being performed by most of the optometrists. These tests are longer in time span and they consist of a number of other tests included in it. They can be eye teaming, focusing, depth perception, visual motor, movement of the eye and other visual perceptual skills. At the end of the test, you will get a detailed assessment of your child’s vision from the doctor describing all of his visual skills.

If the report suggests any visual problem that exists in him and the doctor is suggesting a vision therapy program then you have to take complete information regarding the duration of the therapy and the expected successfulness of the type of therapy being performed. If you are very keen then also ask your pediatric eye doctor about all the criteria’s that are being used to define success rates. In the end, you have to ask about the cost of the therapy. Many health insurance policies and vision insurance policies cover the cost of these therapies. But in some cases, it is not covered as a benefit in your insurance program.

Finding an appropriate Doctor to Treat Low Vision

There are many people in the world that have a vision problem and they are treating them from their eye doctor. Many of these eye diseases are due to eye injury or any other related problem. If your child is going through any of this problem then you can ask your pediatric eye doctor about the use of magnifier or any other low vision device that can help you in reading and be performing other functions independently. If the doctor you are visiting is not specialized in low vision then he can have enough information about all the aids that can be used to treat it.

Your doctor can suggest to any other specialized doctor that can prescribe you low vision devices and can provide you enough training to use them in everyday life. Another option can be to have an online search for curing your problem of Low vision. Google will provide you enough information about all the optometrists and ophthalmologists that are locating in your area.

Some Serious Signs That your Child is Having Vision Problem

In the new world about 80% of the children are being taught in the schools through visuals. It clearly means that if your child is having vision problem then it will be a big hurdle in his development. Always remember that all the children should have an eye examination at the age of six months, then at the age of 3, and after that regular examination when they are at school.

You will find that your children are having the vision problem if he is continuously sitting very close to the TV and while reading he holds the book too close to his eyes. It is also said that sitting close to the TV will ruin your eyes and it is a sure sign of vision problem. Your child is nearsighted if he can not see television images very clearly and e read his book by leaning too much on it.

Other symptoms can be that your children rub their eyes vigorously when they are tired and upset. Sometimes they also rub their eyes when they are trying to concentrate on something. It clearly means some vision problem is there. Some children lose their place when they are reading and they are using their figure to guide their eyes which word they are in their book. If your child does so ask him to read aloud and do it without pointing his finger on the word. If he feels any trouble doing this, it means that he has a vision problem.

Another man problem related to vision is that your child is sensitive to indoor lighting. She can not manage sunlight and camera flashes. All those children who have photophobia and they have extreme sensitivity to light can have the problem of headaches and sometimes nausea. This light sensitivity can lead to many problematic eye conditions. Some children watch TV while closing one eye. If he is frequently doing this then it is a symptom of having binocular visor problem. In this disease, both eyesfail to work together as a team in a comfortable manner. Closing one eye to concentrate on other activities like computer work can be a sign of having eye teaming problem which is also called as convergence insufficiency.


Some children continuously receive low grades in their class. If it is difficult for your children to see what the teacher is writing on the board then he has a poor vision. They will not share it with you and these results in getting poor grades in the class. If your child is struggling a lot in the class then it is your duty to take him to a pediatric eye doctor for a complete eye check up. The doctor will suggest eyeglasses or contact lanes for him.

Many children are suffering from digital eye strain. That is why they usually avoid working on the computer. They can also take a break while looking at the thing that is about 20 feet away from them. If the symptom continuous then it is better to take her to a Pediatric eye doctor. Sometimes teacher complains that she has observed your child is squinting or tilting the head whenever she looks at the backboard. It is the duty of a teacher to move the child closer to the board for an easier view until an appointment to an eye doctor is arranged.

Some Useful aids for People Having Low Vision

It is impossible for a person having low vision to stay at home all the time. There are many low vision aids available that function well when you are outside. These patients can wear blue blocking lenses to absorb a blue portion of light even when it is cloudy outside. These lenses come in many colors like gray, orange, yellow and amber. These lenses also came in regular glasses and sunglasses. Some people use head mounted magnifier glasses that provide them automatic focusing. Instead of using a handheld telescope this device is easy to handle and provide many functions like automatic focusing, intermediate, near and distance vision. So you can manage every situation when you are outside.

These automatic magnifiers have a control unit and a chargeable battery. Due to this, they are easy to use in stress, libraries, and streets. They provide a deep perception which you can not get through other magnifiers available in the market. There are many aids available for people that are completely blind and for people who walk with trouble. Canes are used for this purpose and they will help you if you have night blindness. They will also help you keeping your balance while walking in unpaved areas.


Torn hip flexor symptoms

torn hip flexor symptoms


Hip Flexor Strain is known as torn hip flexor. Hip flexors are muscles, which helps human in moving their knees and legs, HFS occurs when one or more muscles become stretch or torn. You can bend your knees and flex your helps with the help of hip flexors. Hip flexor can stretch or tear with sudden movements, such as, jumping, kicking, changing position while ruining. Other factors like weak muscles, stiff muscles, not warming up and falls can also leads towards  hip flexor symptoms.

Who is at Risk?torn hip flexor symptoms

The athletes who do not wear protective padding and equipment, and who participate in contact sports are at highest risk. The football players, hockey players, soccer, rugby and those who ski and cycle are top of the list.

Torn hip flexor symptoms

  • At the time of injury, patient usually feels a sudden sharp pain, cramping or pulling sensation in front area of the hip or groin.
  • Pain may be allowing minimal continued activity, in case of minor strain.
  • If the injury is much serious then patent may also be unable to move and walk without limping. In this case, a patient cannot continue his regular activities.
  • During such activities like running, going upstairs and kicking, a patient with this condition may feel pain when lifting the knees up.
  • Patient may also feel a limp, tenderness in the top area of hip.
  • It may also possible bruising and swelling.
  • It is also common, when a patient move after a long rest, he feels pain and stiffness, specially walking up in morning.
  • A visible deformity may be appearing in case of injury that is more intensive.
  • When a patient tries to lift the knee against resistance, then he feels lack of strength.

RICE formula for Relief:

After the injury, use RICE formula as soon as possible:

  • R-Rest: After the injury, the patient should take rest. He should limit the movement, amount of physical activity and use their hip as little as possible. Stop all activities, which cause pain.
  • I- Ice: ice the affected area for 20 minutes every 3 to 4 hours for 2 to 3 days. However, keep it in mind that ice must not be applied directly to the area. First wrap the ice in clean cloth and then apply on the affected area. It will help in reducing the swelling.
  • Compress: To support hip and keep swelling low it is compulsory to use bandages. Bandages will help in healing the torn area. Don’t wrap bandages too tightly, because it will increase the swelling, tingling, coolness and pain.
  • Elevate: Elevate the injured area on pillow while lying down, sitting and applying ice. To help in minimizing the swelling and for relief, keep the affected area above the level of heart.


A doctor may also suggest exercises to the patient. These exercises may help in stretching and strengthen the flexor muscles and other muscles that provide support to flexor muscles. Doctor will guide patient to do proper activities so that a patient can come towards his routine life with torn hip flexor symptoms.

Careful Use of Pharmacy Sig Codes



Pharmacy Sig codes are used by medical staff, paramedical staff and doctors behind the counter to save much of their time but using them carelessly and wrong interpretation can lead to serious problems. The medical staff uses them to accelerate their data entry process. These sig codes are programmed in pharmacy or hospital computer system. They are designed to have a set of instructions. To make an example you can say that a computer can be programmed for 1TBID which means to have “take one tablet by mouth once daily.” They are also present on pharmacy labels. They are also programmed to represent specific dosage and drug. For example, if you are confused about LIP20 then it means Lipitor 20mg.

Pharmacy Sig Codes Save Time

Pharmacy sig codes can save time but you have to be very careful that they may have many risks associated with them. These codes contribute to serious medical errors. For example, once a physician prescribed the anti-drug inflammatory drug to a patient and instructed to take one tablet twice daily with food for elbow and shoulder pain. The pharmacy added the description with one tablet daily with food for elbow and shoulder pain but the patient was taking the medicine correctly.

Safe Use of Pharmacy Sig codes




With the above-mentioned example, you have come to know that these Pharmacy Sig codes can lead to serious medication errors but you can reduce them with below-mentioned strategies.

  • These sig codes must be used by administrative persons who are using a standardized process. Do test them to verify that they are working correctly.
  • Do not allow your medical staff to enter new sig codes into the hospital computer system. For chain pharmacies, they should not be allowed to enter at store level.
  • Make use of sig codes that are used in daily routine. It is your moral duty to remove and delete outdated sig codes from pharmacy computer system.
  • Must avoid using dangerous pharmacy sig codes. List of confused drug names can lead to serious misunderstanding and error. This can lead to add the names of unintended product names and drugs name. For example, novo7030 can be used to represent NovoLin, NovoLog Mix extra.
  • During the process of dispensing, the name of the drug written on prescription should be matched to manufacturer product and computer labels.
  • Make sure to match the instructions written on the prescription with those printed on the labels of the medicine to avoid serious mistakes and errors.
  • It is very important to verify the direction and usage of the medicine with the patient.

When expressing numerical quantity, they must be written in Roman numerical to avoid misunderstand and confusion. It is a short note of doctor to the patient. If you go more deeply the data can be translated in other languages. Common people cannot understand these pharmacy sig codes. For example, the code QID will not be understandable by you but in actual, it means “four times a day”.


Pharmacy Sig Codes List




Secrets About Mole On Tongue Only A Handful Of People Know

Mole on Tongue


Moles are a part of the body. These are the black pigments which are hereditary. But there are a few people who have moles on their faces or body in excess. Many people also have a mole on tongue. These are small black spots or black freckles on the tongue. Not many people like a black dot on their tongue, it is why they look for treatment and apply various medications and methods to remove the black dots. These black dots not only look awkward on the tongue but also hamper the function of the taste buds. Here are a few ways to treat the black spots or get rid of moles on the tongue.

Mole on Tongue

Black mole on tongue

If there is a mole which was not present before, then it can be harmful. It is vital to have a proper medical checkup. There are various reasons for the mole to occur on the tongue, a few reasons are hazardous such as cancer. Many people also categorize the black spots as moles. However, it is important to know the actual thing before applying the treatment.

Change the oral routine if mole on tongue

One of the reasons that there is a black spot on tongue or a mole is bad oral habits. Many times bad oral habits and eating things that can cause allergic reactions cause the mole. It is important to leave the food that causes allergies. Also, to overcome this problem it is vital not only to brush the teeth but also to clean the tongue. Regular  washing and cleaning of the tongue will remove the mole on the tongue. There are many tongue cleaners in the market which can be effective in removing the moles.

See a doctor

Getting a proper check up is a must. What seems like a mole on tongue might be a dark black spot caused by hyperpigmentation, tongue piercing or tongue cancer? Only the physician can tell the actual reason. A mole is not dangerous at all, no matter where it is on the body. But one has to be sure that it is a mole and not a symptom of a bad disease. A small black dot on the tongue does not always mean a mole.Sometimes the dark spots on tongue have various other symptoms too. These symptoms include pain in mouth, difficulty in eating due to the selling of tongue, etc. it is why seeing a doctor is vital in this situation.

Get a surgery

One of the easiest ways to remove a mole from tongue or any other part of the body is surgery or laser removal. Removing the mole from the external part of the body may not have any side effects, but removing the mole from the tongue might cause problems.It is, therefore, important to treat the problem using a natural way rather than a laser surgery. The small freckles on the tongue may not look good, but getting rid of these freckles with care is important. The mole should never be removed without aproper prescription.

Easy to do hip muscle stretches for tight hips and hip flexor pain

hip muscle stretches


The hip is one of the body parts which is in constant motion. If the muscles in the hip are put under stress the hip can start aching. The hip also has the smallest and the largest muscles. If there is a lot of pressure put on these muscles, it can cause severe pain in the hip flexors. To get rid of the pain many individuals take medicines and painkillers, while the treatment and natural cure for hip flexor pain are in hip muscle stretches. Following are the best and easy to do hip strengthening exercises which are good for tight hips and the hip flexor pain treatment.

Hip muscle stretches

There are two types of rotator exercises that can be performed for the hip flexor muscles. These are the internal and the external rotators. To perform this exercise, the individual has to sit on the chair lifting the left leg over the right leg over the thigh. Then the individual has toe press down the thigh gently down and tilts forward until feels resistance. Perform the same for the right leg for 10 minutes. The external stretch involves raising the ankle high above and resting it on the thigh while in a sitting position. The individual has to grab the raised knee and press towards the shoulder. Holding this position for ten minutes is agreat way to relax the hip muscles. These two are the easiest hip muscle stretches.

The floor hip muscle stretches

These are also extremely important stretches that one should perform to cure the pain in the hip flexors. The floor stretches are excellent hip stretches for hip pain. To perform this exercise, the individual has to lie down on the floor facing downwards. The individual ahs to pull up the right leg towards the chest until the knee touches the chest. When in this position, the individual ahs to stretch the left leg outwards until feels the stretch and pull. The hands should be straight in front under the face. The individual should hold this position for at least five minutes and change position. These stretches are also excellent for hip flexor pain treatment.

The hip extensor stretches

These are also the easiest to perform stretches. The individual just has to be in a standing position and extend the leg on the chair. Then the individual ahs to reach out for the foot and stretch the leg as much as possible until feels the stretch. It is an excellent stretch for the hamstring too.

It is important to perform exercise on regular basis to get rid of any kind of muscle pain. The athletes (especially the runners) who are fit are only because they perform the stretches on regular basis. Although they run and that is also an exercise, but the muscles need relaxation in a particular manner and that manner is to perform the hip muscle stretches. The success to relieve the pain in the hip is proper and hip related exercises.

Cause and Treatment of Black Dot on Tongue

Black Dot on Tongue


There are many people who get a black spot on tongue. A black dot on tongue can mean a lot of things, it may be harmful and a symptom of a disease or just regular changes in the mouth. The black dot or dots may occur at any part of the tongue, tip, side, or under the tongue. It is important to know the cause of the spot as it can help treat the problem. It is not necessary that it has to be a single dot; it can cover the entire tongue. Here are the details of the causes of a black dot on the tongue.

Black Dot on Tongue

Causes of black dot on tongue

Many people ask what black tongue causes are. Many people are worried if they have a disease or it is just regular pigmentation of the tongue. It is not only the humans that are affected by this problem but many animals also have a black tongue. Here are the causes of the black tongue causes in humans.

Hyper-pigmentation and treatment of black dot on tongue

Hyperpigmentation is a harmless cause of the black spot on the tongue. Hyperpigmentation can occur due to excessive production of pigments in various parts of the body including the tongue. This problem can be handled by surgery. Laser surgery is one of the best treatments of getting rid of the black spots on the tongue. But, it is important to know and be absolutely sure that the cause of blackness on the tongue is due to pigmentation otherwise surgery can damage and cause more harm.

Oral cancer and treatment

It is one of the rarest causes of the blackness of the tongue. It is a severe condition which also has some other symptoms such as difficulty in swallowing, sore throat, hoarseness, jaw misalignment, etc. chemotherapy is one of the best treatments for this kind of tongue problem. Another way is to have a surgical operation which removes the cancerous cells from the affected area.

Tongue piercing and treatment

Many people like to pierce their tongue. It sounds great and might be fun and crazy, but it is a harmful act. It can leave behind dark spots on the tongue. Piercing of tongue also produces purple spots on tongue. The treatment is only in treating the piercing infection and also taking proper medication. The best way is to avoid piercing the tongue.

Exposure to chemicals or allergic reactions

Many people develop a small black spot under tongue or all over it due to allergic reactions. There are many medications that have chemicals which might affect adversely. The best way to treat such problem is to stay away from the allergens that cause it.

These are the causes of the black dot on tongue. Applying these treatments in time will treat the black spots. People who develop even a small tiny spot must have a proper check up and treatments.  If left untreated, a black spot might turn the entire tongue black and cause other diseases too.




Understand Hip Flexor Muscle Pain

hip flexor muscle pain


The human body has thousands of muscles and each muscle has a purpose. Even a single muscle is pulled or is not working properly, the entire organ is affected. It is important to excise, but too much pressure, while exercising or doing a cardio or workout, can pull the muscles causing severe pain. The same is the case with the hip flexor muscles.

Causes of hip flexor muscle pain

There are various causes of this pain such as:

  • Contraction of the hip muscles
  • Quick and forceful movements while playing a game such as a soccer or martial arts
  • Repeated heavy exercise which makes use of these muscles such as cycling upwards
  • Improper hip flexor strengths
  • Pushing the muscles too much which causes tight hip flexors
  • Pressure applied on the muscles such as an outside force by falling down on ground, etc.
  • Exercising when already tired

Remedies and treatments of hip flexor muscle pain

There are a few home remedies for hip flexor pain treatment such as:

  • Ice: Using ice can be a great way to relieve the pain. Using a piece of cloth to wrap the ice and applying it on the affected area for fifteen minutes helps relieve the pain. Massaging the affected area also reduces the pain.
  • Heat: heat is used to relax the muscles. Applying a warm piece of cloth over the muscles relaxes and opens and warms the tendons of thehip.Also, it is better to apply moist heat on the sore area. It is better as it gets absorbed also.

What are the hip flexor muscles?

The hip flexor muscles are the muscles that flex the hip. In simple worlds, these muscles allow the lifting of knees and bending of waist. These muscles are deep inside the abdominal cavity. The hip flexor muscle pain occurs when these muscles get strained. The strain is caused by sprinting or kicking and putting a lot of pressure on the hip flexors. The pain is felt in the upper groin at the point where the thigh meets the pelvis. Many people confuse this pain with the groin pain.

Symptoms of strained hip flexor muscles                   

                                hip flexor muscle pain





Following are the symptoms of the hip flexor when it gets strained or there is a pain in the hip.

  • Severe pain caused while sitting or standing
  • Tenderness of muscles
  • Swelling of hip muscles
  • Weakened hip flexor muscles
  • Hip flexor bruises
  • Pain felt while kicking, running, or moving
  • Pain in the front area of hip

Exercises for the pain

The best way to get rid of this pain is to take proper medication and do exercise on regular basis. Perform special exercise which related to the hip muscles such as the hip flexor stretches. Performing the quadriceps stretches also helps ease the pain. It is important to treat the pain as it can become a greater problem if not treated. As soon as the symptoms start to appear, exercise, massage or take pain relievers. It is the only way to get rid of the hip flexor pain.



Black Spots on Tongue: Causes, Remedies, and Tips

Black Spots on Tongue: Causes, Remedies, and Tips

The discoloration on the tongue is one of the temporary occurring diseases. These spots don’t have any chronic effect on the human health. These black spots can occur due to a plethora of variables. One of the most common causes is the deficiency of any mineral in the human body. By and large these black spots do not play any vital role in the detouring human health but meanwhile act as a symptom to manifest that it’s time to strictly monitor the diet. These Black Spots on Tongue can be cured by multitudinous ways. They can appear on human as well as on animal’s tongue.

Superstitious beliefs of Black Spots on Tongue

There are many superstitious beliefs and myths attached to these spots as well. Some beliefs 5thatb these spots are a sign of good fortune and good luck. These myths also consider these spots as a good Oman. They also sometimes attribute these spots as under the influence of some magic spell.

Causes of Black Spots on Tongue

Some tangible causes behind these spots encompass

  • yeast infection
  • hyperpigmentation
  • due to pregnancy
  • oral fibro
  • tongue piercing
  • Allergic reactions
  • Anemia
  • Bacteria overgrowth


Natural and Artificial Remedies:

There are many natural remedies to cure these spots. Applying potato juice or lemon juice regularly can assist in fading these black spots. Apart from these juices, Aloe Vera can also be applied on the tongue. Ergo the patient suffering from these spots first try out all the necessary remedies before opting for some antibiotic. But if these black spots are not fading within few weeks after the use of all remedies. It is an alarming situation and the victim should consult some physician. This Black Spots on Tongue if become chronic can eventually lead to oral cancer.

Kinds of Black spots on tongue:

Generically, when bismuth combines with some traces of sulfur in the mouth saliva the black substance on the tongue appears. These black spots can be of various kinds depending on the size and intensity of the spots. Although these spots most of the time are merely hyperpigmentation but the kind and size of these spots can measure the adverse effect of the spots. Sometimes the kinds of spots are due to hairy tongue and can be cured by simple home remedies. The spots can have some bumpy effect due to some injury or allergy. Hence the kind of the spots depict the level of the intensity of the effect.


Some Important Information:

These spots are the independent age factor. These spots can appear on the tongue of infants till old. These spots can be the result of intake of unhealthy food or consumption of large quantity of alcohol. Hyperpigmentation is considered as one of the main cause of black spots on tongue. Sometimes drinking coffee in excessive amount can cause black spots. There are many sources and health related websites which can provide entire information pertaining to the tongue.Ensuring proper hygiene and brushing the tongue can help in fading of the Black Spots on Tongue.